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Landscape design today integrates a wide variety of elements to achieve functional and beautiful spaces for outdoor living. Professional landscape designers offer a broad range of planning and design services tailored to a spectrum of client needs. By engaging the services of a landscape designer, outstanding design solutions can be developed while avoiding costly mistakes and unnecessary confusion.

A well-executed landscape design increases not only the enjoyment of a home, but the actual square footage of valuable usable space. With comprehensive planning and professional installation, outdoor living areas can be an excellent investment. 

Perhaps you want a haven for wildlife, an engaging play area for children, exciting and functional outdoor rooms and entertainment areas, or simply a serene and shady nook for quiet garden enjoyment. A professional landscape designer can help bring your garden dreams to fruition while keeping a close eye on practical considerations such as budget, site analysis, and choosing the appropriate plants.

Because plants are at the heart of landscape design, knowledge of the science of horticulture is one of its critical components. The field is, however, more of an art than a science. Some decisions will be based not on hard fact but on personal tastes, intuition, or current consensus.

Lake and Water Bodies

Waterbodies have for the longest time functioned as a crucible for churning the development of cities and towns. However, as cities have grown, the pollution load on waterbodies has increased manifold, maxing out their self-cleansing capacity – completely putting it off balance.

Anthropogenic factors are to blame, such as solid waste disposal, industrial and domestic sewage disposal, encroachments and commercial fish farming. Weed infestation, reduction of storage volume, drying, decrease of biodiversity and loss of interconnectivity are some of the direct consequences that one can witness in the waterbodies today.


Treating sewage before it enters a waterbody has thus become a necessity – if we want a clean and healthy environment. While a permanent solution to this would be to curb pollution at the source, there are intermediary measures that can be taken to restore a waterbody to its wholesome original self, conserve and enhance its biological diversity, preserve its ecosystem, and manage it while meeting current and future demand – without compromising on its ecological health and character.



Building construction, Techniques and industry involved in the assembly and erection of structures. Early humans built primarily for shelter, using simple methods. Building materials came from the land, and fabrication was dictated by the limits of the materials and the builder’s hands. The erection sequence involved, as now, first placing a foundation (or using the ground). The builder erected the structural system; the structural material (masonry, mud, or logs) served as both skeleton and enclosure. Traditional bearing-wall and post-and-beam systems eventually gave way to framed structures, and builders became adept at sealing and fireproofing with a variety of claddings (exterior coverings) and finishes. 


Steel-framed buildings are usually enclosed by curtain walls. In modern-day construction, sheathing the skeleton of the building is only the beginning, specialists then begin the bulk of the work inside, installing plumbing, electrical wiring, HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning), windows, floor coverings, plasterwork, moldings, ceramic tile, cabinets, and other features.

The design of a building begins with its future user or owner, who has in mind a perceived need for the structure, as well as a specific site and a general idea of its projected cost. The user, or client, brings these facts to a team of design professionals composed of architects and engineers, who can develop from them a set of construction documents that define the proposed building exactly and from which it can be constructed.

Treatment Plants

A treatment plant refers to a plant or installation that is used to purify contaminated substances. These substances may be solid, liquid and semi-solids. Treatment plants are named after their treated substances.


  • Wastewater treatment plant – treated wastewater

  • Effluent treatment plant – treated effluent

  • Sewage treatment plant – treated sewage

  • Water treatment plant – treated water


A treatment plant is necessary in an industrial process to treat wastewater. It reduces industrial water consumption and environmental pollution. A large volume of industrial on-site wastewater might be reusable by treating it in the treatment plant.

In a treatment plant, waste or contaminated substances are treated with various means and produce purified substances that are reusable in the process or discharge to the environment, and that are safe.

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